How to Solve Analogies

How to Solve Analogies

Questions involving analogies ask to find the relationship between the pairs of words. The relationship between the words in the question asked is similar (or dissimilar) to the options, you have to find out the correct option.

Types of Analogies

  • Antonyms: Words that have opposite meaning
  • Synonyms: Words that have same meaning
  • Descriptive: One word describes the other
  • Part to Whole: One word is part or piece of the other
  • Item to Category: One word belongs to the category of the other
  • Degree: One word is more intense than other

Three-Step Bridge Method for Solving Analogies

  1. Step 1: Build a strong bridge (relationship) sentence relating the words in the question pair. The bridge should be as short and clear as possible.
  2. Step 2: Use this bridge with each answer choice, inserting them in place of the words in the question pair.
  3. Step 3: The answer will be the sentence which is the most logical. If after completing steps 1 and 2, you still have not found the answer pair that works, it may be necessary to adjust the bridge sentence.

Example 1: Bad : Terrible

  1. hard : difficult
  2. hot : warm
  3. funny : hilarious
  4. right : wrong
  5. young : new

Something that is extremely bad is terrible. Something that is extremely funny is hilarious.

Example 2: Candy : Sweet

  1. man : strong
  2. time : fast
  3. money : powerful
  4. movie : exciting
  5. fire : hot

A characteristic of a candy is to be sweet. A characteristic of a fire is to be hot.

Example 3: Finger : Hand

  1. ball : game
  2. clock : room
  3. wheel : car
  4. hat : suit
  5. man : woman

A finger is part of a hand. A wheel is part of a car.