A square has four equal sides and four equal angles (90 degree angles or right angles). A rectangle is a quadrilateral with 4 right angles. It is similar to square except that its sides are not equal.

Square

Perimeter of Square

Perimeter of the square is 4 times the length of the side. For a square of length L, perimeter = 4 * L

Area of Square

Area of square is the square of length of the side. Area = L * L

Properties of Square

  1. The diagonals of a square bisect each other and meet at right angles (90 degrees)

  2. The diagonals of a square bisect its angles

  3. The diagonals of a square are perpendicular

  4. Opposite sides of a square are both parallel and equal in length

  5. All four angles of a square are equal. (every angle of a square is a right angle)

  6. The diagonals of a square are equal.

Rectangle

A rectangle is a quadrilateral with 4 right angles. It is similar to square except that its sides are not equal.

Perimeter of Rectangle

Perimeter of the rectangle is sum of the length of its sides. Perimeter = 2 * (Length + Breadth)

Area of Rectangle

Area of rectangle is multiplication of its length and breadth. Area = Length * Breadth

Properties of Rectangle

  1. All angles are right angles (90 degrees)

  2. Opposite sides are parallel and equal.

  3. Diagonals bisect each other.