A conjunction is a word that joins two words or group of words.

There are two types of conjunctions - coordinate or subordinate.

Coordinating conjunctions

These are used to join two parts of a sentence that are grammatically equal (that is two statements are of equal importance). The two parts may be single words or clauses, for example: Jack and Jill went up the hill. The water was warm, but I didn't go swimming.

  • Examples: and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, either, neither

Subordinating conjunctions

These are used to join a subordinate dependent clause to a main clause, for example: I went swimming although it was cold.

  • Examples: although, because, since, unless, before, though, which