English Grammar

Grammar - Introduction

Grammar is the set of structural rules that govern the composition of sentences, phrases, and words in any given language.

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Grammar - Terms

Clause: group of related words containing a subject and verb

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Parts of a Sentence

The basic unit of speech and writing is the sentence. A sentence is a series of words (or combination of words) that form a complete thought.

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Noun

noun is a word used to describe a person, place, thing or idea.

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Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun. Pronouns are used instead of a noun. If we didn't have pronouns, we would have to repeat a lot of nouns! So pronouns are used in place of nouns to avoid repetition.

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Verb

Verbs are important part of a sentence. A Verb is defined as a word that describes an action, occurance or state of being. It helps to make a statement complete. Every sentence must have a verb at its core. Verbs have four qualities (or attributes) - Mood, Voice, Tense and Number. Besides, verbs also have other forms called verbals.

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Tenses

Tenses play an important role in sentence formation. The tense of a verb shows the time of an event or action. The concept of time can be split into the present (What you are currently doing), the past (What you did some time back) and the future (What you will do later).

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Adjective

Adjective is a word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.

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Adverb

Adverb is a word that modifies or describes a verb, an adjective or another adverb. It is different from the adjectives in the sense that adjective describes nouns or pronouns.

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Prepositions

A preposition connects a noun (with or without an article) or a pronoun to some other word. Prepositions are also called the little words of English.

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Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that joins two words or group of words.

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Determiners

A determiner is a word that modifies a noun or a noun phrase. The determiners express relationship or reference of noun or noun phrase in the context.

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Subject Verb Agreement

Basic Principle: Singular subjects need singular verbs; plural subjects need plural verbs.

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